Asia Life Sciences (ISSN: 01173375) - is an international peer reviewed scientific journal which is devoted to the publication of original research in the Life Sciences and related disciplines. Articles originating from anywhere in the world are most welcome.
ASIA LIFE SCIENCES (ISSN: 01173375) - is an international peer reviewed scientific journal which is devoted to the publication of original research in the Life Sciences and related disciplines. Articles originating from anywhere in the world are most welcome.
Ultraviolet (UV) light has been an important source in human health throughout human evolution. However, modern lifestyles, indoor jobs, cultural myths, religious beliefs and the increase of globalization has drastically reduced UV light exposure in humans, amounting to growing cancer rates, diseases and worldwide health deterioration. This commentary details various human activities, lifestyles and their effects on health worldwide. It also examines misinterpreted findings pertaining to the lack of UV light exposure that could further undermine existing health issues. UV light producing technologies to reduce adverse effects on human health are currently being used and are very effective. They are safer than sunlight, available at any time, inexpensive and could reduce healthcare costs by decreasing drug use and extensive cancer therapies. Public health agencies and healthcare providers throughout the world should make individuals aware of UV light exposure benefits.
Excessive salt consumption is one of the hypertension and kidney disease factors, while telmisartan is one of antihypertensive drugs used in the therapy. Telmisartan not only blocks angiotensin receptor which leads to the decrease of blood pressure, but also activates peroxisome proliferator activated receptor gamma (PPAR-γ) and inhibits transforming growth expression factor of beta-1 (TGFβ-1). Whether telmisartan decreases the kidney collagen volume fraction of excessive NaCl-induced Wistar rats are studied in this experiment. Twenty-five male Wistars 2.5-3 months of age and 100-150 g BW rats were used in this research. They were grouped into 5, each consists of 5 rats. Group I (G I) as first negative control did not receive NaCl and telmisartan. G II as second negative control received NaCl but not telmisartan. G III, IV and V received NaCl and telmisartan 3, 6 and 12 mg/kg BW. The treatments were given every day within 8 weeks. At the day of 56 all rats were sacrificed by mean of neck dislocation and operated to take the kidney. The collagen was stained by picrosirius red staining. Data were expressed as mean ± standard deviation. They were analyzed by parametric test (analysis of variance-ANOVA and paired samples t-test) or nonparametric test (Kruskal-Wallis). A value of p<0.05 was considered statistically significant. The results showed that intraglomerular and extraglomerular collagen volume fraction were lower in telmisartan-treated Wistar rats group than negative control group (0.05<p<0.05). In conclusion, intraglomerular and extraglomerular collagen volume fraction were lower in 8% sodium chloride-induced and telmisartan-treated male Wistar rats than the items of negative control group