Asia Life Sciences

(ISSN: 01173375)

Asia Life Sciences (ISSN: 01173375) - is an international peer reviewed scientific journal which is devoted to the publication of original research in the Life Sciences and related disciplines. Articles originating from anywhere in the world are most welcome.

Volume - 14 , Issue 01
20 Feb 2024
Upcoming Publication
Volume - 14 , Issue 01
29 Feb 2024

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Aim and Scope

ASIA LIFE SCIENCES (ISSN: 01173375) - is an international peer reviewed scientific journal which is devoted to the publication of original research in the Life Sciences and related disciplines. Articles originating from anywhere in the world are most welcome. AMA, Agricultural Mechanization in Asia, Africa and Latin America Teikyo Medical Journal Journal of the Mine Ventilation Society of South Africa Dokkyo Journal of Medical Sciences Zhonghua er bi yan hou tou jing wai ke za zhi = Chinese journal of otorhinolaryngology head and neck surgery Interventional Pulmonology

Scope : Agricultural Science, Biochemistry, Biology, Bioinformatics, Botany, Cytology, Cell biology, Chemistry, Ecology, Endocrinology, Entomology, Environmental Sciences, Food science and Technology, Genetics, Genomics & Proteomics, mmunobiology, Molecular biology, Marine Science, Microbiology, Neurobiology, Pathology, Physics, Physiology, Psychology, Veterinary Science, Zoology .

Latest Journals

Growth inhibition of Paenibacillus larvae by the culture supernatant of Thai Apis cerana indica gut bacteria
Journal ID : ALS-08-08-2021-5608; Total View : 1451; Author : Pawornrat Nonthapa, Chanpen Chanchao,
Abstract : Honeybees are vulnerable to many diseases, such as European foulbrood, chalkbrood, sacbrood, and American foulbrood (AFB). Caused by Paenibacillus larvae, AFB can cause immense damage to the bee industry. Chemicals and antibiotics have long been used to treat these diseases, resulting in pathogen resistance. As an alternative, antagonistic effect of gut bacteria has been focused on. The culture supernatant (CS) from recently isolated gut bacteria from Thai Apis cerena indica (Bacillus sp., Pantoea sp., Azotobacter sp., Klebsiella sp., and Lactobacillus sp.) were screened for their growth inhibitory activity against P. larvae strains 01 and 02 in an agar well diffusion assay. The CS from Azotobacter sp. had the highest growth inhibition against P. larvae strain 02, while the CS from Bacillus sp., Lactobacillus sp., Klebsiella sp., Azotobacter sp. were all active against both strains. This activity was thermotolerant to 90 ºC for 1 h, but 121 ºC nor to proteinase K and RNase A treatment. Furthermore, the CSs from Bacillus sp. and Klebsiella sp. at pH 3, Pantoea sp. at pH 5, Lactobacillus sp. at pH 8 and 10, and Klebsiella sp. at pH 10 showed the highest inhibitory effect against P. larvae strains 01 and 02. However, the CS inhibitory activity at pH 8–10 was less than that at pH 5 (the pH in the bee stomach). Hence, gut bacteria that can potentially inhibit P. larvae growth were obtained from healthy honeybees.
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Prevalence of Phoretic Mites on Giant Honeybee Apis dorsata in Samutsongkram, Thailand
Journal ID : ALS-08-08-2021-5607; Total View : 1286; Author : Kanokwon Tangsiripattanapun, Phanthiwa Khongkarat, Trairat Yingsunthornwatana, Natapot Warrit, Chanpen Chanchao,
Abstract : Apis dorsata are important pollinators, while their honey is the most popular for consumption in Asia. Although they have an aggressive and very thorough grooming behavior, ectoparasitic mites that can act as disease vectors have been reported. Here, the presence of mites on different developmental stages of A. dorsata was investigated in three hives in Samutsongkram province in February, 2021 to reveal the health status of A. dorsata in Thailand. No ectoparasitic mites were observed under stereo and compound light microscopy based examination of 150 adult bees (50 bees/hive). In contrast, phoretic mites were found on the bee’s thorax, principally the legs of pair no. 3. Morphological analyses, including scanning electron microscopy, placed the mites in the order Oribatida, and possibly Forcellinia faini, but this awaits molecular confirmation. Prevalence of adult bees with phoretic mites from hive no. 1, 2, and 3 was 32%, 20%, and 30%, respectively, with a range of 0–10 mites per bee. No mites were observed on non-adult stadia. No Paenibacillus larvae, which causes American foulbrood disease, was detected in the mites by multiplex PCR using specific primers for 16S rRNA of bacteria and cytochrome b (cytb) for Apis spp. under an optimized PCR condition. Rather the bacterial amplicon showed a 91.5% nucleotide sequence identity to Lactobacillus fermentum (probiotic bacteria). The ecologic impact of this relationship between phoretic mites, probiotic bacteria, and honeybees, as well as the effect of mites on pollination by A. dorsata, needs to be determined.
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